Länderwirtschaftsdaten

Argentinien

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -2,1 -9,9 6,5P
Export in bn. US$ 77,68 63,64  
Import in bn. US$ 67,65 53,20  
Interest rate in % 67,2 36,7 1. Trimester 33,84
Exchange rate US$/Peso 59,80 83,00 95,99
Inflation rate in % 53,8 36,1 47P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,845    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Machinery (Electrical), Vehicles, Minerals
Import partner: Brazil, China

Export products: Soybean Meal, Corn, Vehicles
Export partner: Brazil, China

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC

Bolivien

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 2,2 -8,1 5,5
Export in bn. US$ 8,9 7,0  
Import in bn. US$ 9,8 7,1  
Interest rate in % 2,4 1,3  
Exchange rate US$/Boliviano 6,91 6,96 6,73
Inflation rate in % 2,5 0,9 3,9P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,718    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Chemical products, Petrochemicals, Machinery
Import partner: China, Brazil

Export products: Petroleum Gas, Gold, Zinc Ore
Export partner: Brazil, Argentina

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI, Banco Central de Bolivia

Brasilien

Basisdaten im Überblick 2019 2020 2021
BIP-Wachstum - Zentralbank/IBGE 1,17% -5%P 3,45% (P)
Industriewachstum - Zentralbank 0,3% -5,5% 4%
Export – Ministerium Entwicklung, Industrie, Handel US$ 225,3 Mrd. US$ 209,8 Mrd.  
Import - Ministerium Entwicklung, Industrie, Handel US$ 177,3 Mrd. US$ 158,9 Mrd.  
Referenzzinssatz Selic - Zentralbank 4,5% 2,0% 2,0%
Wechselkurs BRL/US$ - Zentralbank 4,0 5,28 5,49 Status11Jan
Wechselkurs BRL/€ - Zentralbank 4,6 5,99 6,67 Status11Jan
Inflation - Zentralbank 4,13% 4,23% 3,34%P
Arbeitslosigkeit - IBGE/Zentralbank/Pnad 11,2% 13,6% 16-20%P
Direktinvestitionen FDI US$68 Mrd (3,4% des BIP) US$36,3 Mrd (2,44% des BIP)  
Währungsreserven US$ 356,88 Mrd. US$ 356,9 Mrd. US$ 356,9 Mrd.
Staatsverschuldung 75,8% des PIB 91,4% des BIP 94,3% des BIP (P)

Legende

Stand 10.01.2021

Quellen : Banco Central, CNI, IBGE,OECD und MDIC

(P): Prognose

Chile

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 0,9 -5,8 8,5P
Export in bn. US$ 78,293 79,790  
Import in bn. US$ 80,606 66,516  
Interest rate in % 1,75 0,5 1. Trimester: 0,50
Inflation rate in % 3,0 3,0 4,0P
Exchange rate US$ /CLP 702,63 792,22 746,09
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,851    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Machinery, Minerals, Vehicles
Import partner: China, USA

Export products: Copper Ore, Refined Copper
Export partner: China, USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC

 

Costa Rica

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 2,17 -4,54 2,6P
Export in bn. US$ 21,65 19,05  
Import in bn. US$ 20,00 17,58  
Interest rate in % 4,5 3,3 February 2021: 1,9
Exchange rate CRC-US$ 564,54 569,93 607,86
Inflation rate in % 2,1 0,725  
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,810    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Refined Petroleum, Machinery, Electronics
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Medical instruments, Bananas, Tropical fruits
Export partner: USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Dominikanische Republik

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 5,05 -6,72 4,0P
Export in bn. US$ 20,52 14,43  
Import in bn. US$ 24,85 20,50  
Interest rate in % 2,4 1,5 February 2021: 0,9
Exchange rate DOP-US$ 50,23 58,03 56,42
Inflation rate in % 1,8 3,8 3,6P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,756    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Mineral fuels and oils, (Electrical) Machinery
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Gold, Medical instruments, Rolled Tobacco
Export partner: USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Ecuador

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 0,01 -7,75 2,5P
Export in bn. US$ 24,92 22,26  
Import in bn. US$ 24,90 20,51  
Interest rate in % 5,9 6,3 5,66
Exchange rate ECS-US$ 24094 24094 24094
Inflation rate in % -0,2 -0,3 0,5P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,759    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Refined Petroleum, Coal Tar Oil, Cars
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Crude Petroleum, Crustaceans, Bananas
Export partner: USA, China

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI, Banco Central de Ecuador

El Salvador

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 2,4 -7,9 4,2P
Export in bn. US$ 5,94 5,03  
Import in bn. US$ 12,02 10,59  
Interest rate in % 5,9 6,2 1. Trimester: 5,7
Inflation rate in % 0,075 -0,372 1,1P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,673    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Mineral fuels and oils, Electrical machinery
Import partner: USA, China, Guatemala

Export products: Apparel and clothing accessories
Export partner: USA, Guatemala, Honduras

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Guatemala

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 3,87 -1,52  
Export in bn. US$ 13,59 13,11  
Import in bn. US$ 21,53 19,36  
Interest rate in % 1,3 2,0 July 2021: 1,75
Exchange rate GTQ-US$ 7,48 7,52 7,57
Inflation rate in % 3,7 3,21  
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,663    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Refined Petroleum, Machinery, Electronics
Import partner: USA, China, Mexico

Export products: Bananas, Coffee, Raw Sugar
Export partner: USA, El Salvador

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Guyana

Basisdaten im Überblick 2019 2020 2021    
BIP-Wachstum 5,4% 8,1% 26,2%    
Export 2018: 1,72 Mrd US$        
Import 2018: 3,99 Mrd US$        
Leitzins 5% 5% 5%    
Inflation 2,1% 1%      
Wechselkurs GYD-USD 308,5 209,2 209,1    
Arbeitslosenquote 11,9% 11.8%      

Legende

Update 25.01.21

Quelle: Cepal, Weltbank, WKO, statista

 

Haiti

Basisdaten im Überblick 2014 2015 2016 2017*  
BIP-Wachstum 2,8% 1,2% 1,4% 1,2%  
Export 1,662 Mrd. US$ 1,747 Mrd. US$ 1,652 Mrd. US$    
Import 4,751 Mrd. US$ 4,432 Mrd. US$ 4,111 Mrd. US$    
Leitzins 18,6% 18,8% 19,8% J-O    
Inflation 4,57% 9,02% 13,83% 14,74%  

Legende

* = Schätzung
J-O= Januar bis Oktober
Update 03.09.2018

Quelle: Cepal, Weltbank

Honduras

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 2,65 -8,97 4,5P
Export in bn. US$ 10,02 8,39  
Import in bn. US$ 14,58 12,04  
Interest rate in % 6,1 4,3 July 2021: 3,9
Exchange rate HNL-US$ 24,10 24,44 23,39
Inflation rate in % 4,37 3,47 4,3P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,634    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Refined Petroleum, Clothing, Machinery
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Clothing, Coffee
Export partner: USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI, Banco Central de Honduras

Jamaika

Basisdaten im Überblick 2019 2020 2021    
BIP (ca. 13Mrd) -Wachstum 0,9% -8,56% 3,6%    
Export 1,49 million US$        
Import 6,51 million US$        
Leitzins 16,6% 0,5% 0.5%    
Inflation 3,91% 5,1% 5,4% (P)    
Remittances (millions US$)   2,1 2,3    
Wechselkurs (US$ - JMD)   141,2 142,51    
Arbeitslosenquote 8% 7,97% 12,6% (P)    

Legende

Update 13.01.2021

Quelle: Bank of Jamaika, tradingeconomics, World Bank, statista

Kolumbien

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 3,3 -6,847 6,5P
Export in bn. US$ 51,271 37,126  
Import in bn. US$ 70,084 54,191  
Interest rate in % 4,25 1,75 1. Trimester 1,75
Inflation rate in % 3,8 1,61 3,7P
Exchange rate US$ / Peso 3208 3262 3818
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,767    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Machinery (Electrical), Vehicles, Minerals
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Crude Petroleum, Coal Briquettes
Export partner: USA, China

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC

Kuba

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -0,21 -8,3P 4,0P
Export in bn. US$ 1,21    
Import in bn. US$ 5,28    
Interest rate in % 6,3 3,9 February 2021: 3,3
Exchange rate CUP-US$ 25,00 25,00 24,13 (21.07.2021)
Inflation rate in % 1,9    
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,783    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Machinery, Electronics, Cereals
Import partner: Spain, China

Export products: Rolled Tobacco, Raw Sugar, Nickel Mattes
Export partner: China, Spain

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Mexiko

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -0,1 -8,2 5,0P
Export in bn. US$ 460,7 418,1  
Import in bn. US$ 455,3 383,3  
Interest rate in % 7,25 4,25 4,75P
Exchange rate MXN-US$ 18,85 20,10 19,99
Inflation rate in % 2,8 3,2 5,7P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,779    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Electronics, Machinery, Vehicles
Import partner: USA, China

Export products: Cars, Electronics, Computers
Export partner: USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Nicaragua

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -3,67 -2,0 0,2P
Export in bn. US$ 5,68 5,34  
Import in bn. US$ 6,25 5,95  
Interest rate in % 7,2 5,1 February 2021: 4,0
Exchange rate NIO-US$ 32,64 34,26 34,56
Inflation rate in % 5,4 3,7 3,9P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,660    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Mineral fuels and oils, Electrical machinery
Import partner: USA, Mexico, China

Export products: Apparel and clothing accessories, Gold, Coffee, Meat
Export partner: USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Panama

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 3,04 -17,95 12,0P
Export in bn. US$ 27,21 19,62  
Import in bn. US$ 27,37 17,33  
Interest rate in % 3,2 2,1 January 2021: 2,3
Inflation rate in % -0,4 -1,6 0,1P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,815    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Passenger and Cargo Ships, Refined Petroleum, Crude Petroleum
Import partner: China, USA, Japan

Export products: Refined Petroleum, Copper Ore
Export partner: Ecuador, Guatemala

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Paraguay

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -0,4 -0,6 3,5P
Export in bn. US$ 13,63 12,26  
Import in bn. US$ 13,40 10,79  
Interest rate in % 4 0,75 1. Trimester: 0,75
Exchange rate US$/Guaraní 6000 6514 6796
Inflation rate in % 2,8 2,2 June 2021: 1,5
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,728    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Broadcasting Equipment, Cars, Pesticides
Import partner: Brazil, USA, China

Export products: Soybeans, Electricity, Corn
Export partner: Brazil, Argentina

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC

Peru

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 2,2 -11,1 10,2P
Export in bn. US$ 54,60 45,12  
Import in bn. US$ 52,31 42,63  
Interest rate in % 2,25 0,25 0,75P
Exchange rate PEN-US$ 3,31 3,55 3,89
Inflation rate in % 1,9 2,0 3,3P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,777    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Mineral fuels and oil, Machinery
Import partner: China, USA

Export products: Copper Ore, Gold, Fruits
Export partner: China, USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 23.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC, GTAI

Suriname

Basisdaten im Überblick 2019 2020 2021    
BIP-Wachstum 2,2% 8,1% 26,2%    
Export 2018: 1,72 Mrd US$        
Import 2018: 3,99 Mrd US$        
Leitzins 5% 25% 25%    
Inflation 4,2% 56% 50%    
Arbeitslosigkeit 7,2% 11,2%      
Wechselkurs USD - SRD   141,2 142,51    

Notes

Update 27.01.21

Quelle: Cepal, Weltbank, trading economics, statista, http://www.exteriores.gob.es/Documents/FichasPais/SURINAM_FICHA%20PAIS.pdf

 

Trinidad & Tobago

Basisdaten im Überblick 2013 2014 2015 2016* 2017
BIP-Wachstum 2,3% -1,0% 0,2% -4,5%  
Export 18,071 Mrd. US$ 15,974 Mrd. US$ 12,143 Mrd. US$    
Import 13,901 Mrd. US$ 13,154 Mrd. US$ 11,547 Mrd. US$    
Leitzins 7,5% 7,7% 8,3% 9,1% J-O  
Inflation 5,2% 5,68% 4,66%    

Legende

* = Schätzung
J-O= Januar bis Oktober
Update 08.08.2017

Quelle: Cepal, Weltbank

 

Uruguay

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % 0,4 -5,9 3,0P
Export in bn. US$ 16,99 13,61  
Import in bn. US$ 13,38 11,26  
Interest rate in % 8,57 4,5 1. Trimester: 9,25
Exchange rate US$ / Peso 32,51 37,45 43,58
Inflation rate in % 8,8 9,4 7,0P
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,817    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Crude Petroleum, Vehicles, Machinery
Import partner: Brazil, China, USA, Argentina

Export products: Meat, Cellulosic material (paper)
Export partner: China, Brazil

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC

Venezuela

Basic data 2019 2020 2021
GDP growth in % -28 -30P  
Export in bn. US$ 14,7    
Import in bn. US$ 5,57    
Official exchange rate US$/Bolívar 60 9,99 9,99
Exchange rate black market US$/Bolívar Soberano 730 57.300 3264300
Inflation rate in % 9585 1813  
HDI (Human Development Index) 0,711    

Foreign Trade

Import products: Refined Petroleum, Cereals, Machinery (Electrical)
Import partner: China, USA

Export products: Curde Petroleum
Export partner: India, China, USA

Notes

P = Prediction
Update: 22.07.2021
Sources: UNDP, Worldbank, CEPAL, OANDA, Banco Itau, OEC